Ilkeston (South) - Places of Worship
w/e 22 January 2012
All this week's pictures were taken with a Kodak DX6490

In the set of images featuring the places of worship in the northern half of the town we began at Cotmanhay and worked our way towards the town centre. In similar fashion this selection of images begins in the south at Kirk Hallam and then heads towards the centre of Ilkeston.

All Saints, Kirk Hallam

Although they are now areas of Ilkeston, both Cotmanhay and Kirk Hallam were communities that developed into villages in their own right back in the mists of time. When the Church of All Saints was founded at Kirk Hallam in the late Norman period it was administered by the monks at Dale Abbey until the Dissolution of Monasteries in 1539. The church of course is now a Grade 1 listed building and dates from the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries although much of it was restored in the nineteenth. Standing at the end of a drive and shielded for the most part on the southern side by trees, it is always difficult to obtain a photo of that side but this view of the northern side easily picks out the gritstone walls and Welsh slate roof. Although captured on a crisp winter's afternoon, the trees and the church had combined to prevent any heat from the low sun 's rays reaching this northern side to melt the overnight frost.

Three Churches

Looking to the north however from the foot of the tower at Kirk Hallam, two more churches that mark the end of our journey, the URC with its green spire on the left and the tower of St Mary's towards the centre, are easily distinguishable in the distance.
Church of the Nazarene

Our first port of call though is the Church of the Nazarene on Corporation Road, seen here looking towards The Triangle on the left and Thurman Street leading through to Nottingham Road. The Church of the Nazarene was founded in South Street premises in 1940 and didn't move to Corporation Road until 1964 when it took over the former Wesleyan Church.

Church of the Nazarene

Flanked by buildings from a more recent era, the stonework reveals that the church was originally built in the 1890s. I think that the date shown is 1895 but elsewhere it is recorded that the church was built in 1893.
Church of Christ

At the end of Adam Street, a short un-adopted road off the bottom of Nottingham Road is "A Church of Christ" which meets in this unpretentious brick building. The website of the Churches of Christ proclaims that "We are undenominational and have no central headquarters or president. The head of the church is none other than Jesus Christ himself" and "We are Christians only!"
Nottm Rd Methodist

Also on Nottingham Road but on the opposite side to Adam Street is the Nottingham Road Methodist Church. The church is comprised of two connected buildings, a new structure (1959) standing back from the road and an older one on the corner of Little Hallam Lane.

The corner building has a number of inscribed foundation stones (right) at ground Sunday School StoneFoundation Stonelevel but the wording has worn and they are difficult to read. Higher up however another stone (left) reads "Primitive Methodist Sunday School" and carries the date 1883. This can be a little confusing for on the same building on the gable end another inscribed stone also bears the words "Primitive Methodist" but the date is 1897. This can be explained by delving into the history of the church a little deeper.

Migrant families from Staffordshire attracted to the area by work at the nearby Trowell Forge started the church in 1875 when four cottages on the site were purchased, one being used for public worship. A purpose built church was erected (1883) in the gardens of the cottages and opened in 1884, which explains the date of the first stone. In 1897, the second date, two of the cottages were demolished and the church extended.

It must have been about the same time that thoughts were being formed about extending the Methodist Church that the foundation stone for St John The Evangelist's Church a little further up the hill on Nottingham Road was being laid. This occurred in 1893 and the brick building in the Early English style to a design by Percy H Currey of Derby was dedicated in 1894 by the Bishop of Southwell. It took almost another twenty years though before the church was finally completed in 1911 for initially being built as a chapel of ease to St.Mary's, it became the parish church of the newly formed St John's parish in 1912.
St Thomas' R.C.

Still further up the hill and built on the corner of Nottingham Road and Regent Street is the Catholic Church of Our Lady of Dale and St Thomas of Hereford. St Thomas of Hereford was a member of the Cantelupe family, the Cantelupes being Lords of the Manor in the 12 and 1300s but whose name has travelled down the centuries and can still be found in Ilkeston today - for example, Cantelupe Road and Cantelupe Centre next to St Mary's Church on the Market Place.The entrance to the Roman Catholic Church above is from Regent Street and the porch is a recent modification to the original building from the 1920s and 30s. A shortage of funds in the mid 1920s prolonged the construction which was around an older church on the site. It was built mainly of Darley Dale stone with a slate roof in the Early English Gothic style to Charles W Hunt's design with the tower being the final piece of the jigsaw.
Queen St Baptist

As we now move nearer the town centre we'll pass the old chapel building on South Street that dates from 1784. Currently it is being used as a public house called "The Hop" but it was built for a Baptist congregation from the Little Hallam area of Ilkeston. As the church grew it needed extra premises and a plot of land on Queen Street was purchased where a new four hundred seater chapel was built in 1858 (above).

Designed by Mr Booker of Nottingham and built by Jedediah Wigley of Ilkeston, the capacity was increased by another hundred when a gallery was added in 1883. The design of the building, now Grade II Listed, included a semi-circular east end, seen at its best in this old photo (left) but it did not meet with universal approval when first built. A local newspaper report likened it to an engine shed and said that it was not at all attractive adding that “some people think it positively ugly and repellent.” They should see some of the buildings put up today!
United Reformed Church

In the previous image of Queen Street Baptist Chapel the large building behind is a mulit-storey car park. This is one new building that did pay attention to existing architecture as it was inspired by the United Reformed Church that stands opposite on the corner of Albert Street and Wharnclife Road.

United Reformed ChurchUnited Reformed ChurchBuilt as a non-conformist church in 1904 and opened in 1905, it is described as being in the Art Nouveau Gothic style and was designed by Harry Tatham Sudbury, a local man who was responsible for many buildings in the town in the early part of the twentieth century. It is to the credit of both the architect and also the builder, another Ilkeston man Alfred Earnshaw of Burr Lane, that the church and attached school rooms have added to the town's heritage gaining Grade II Listed status.
St Mary's Church

And so we finally reach the Market Place and the Parish Church of St Mary where a number of names we have already encountered reappear. The Cantelupe Centre stands to the right and is connected to the church whilst the tomb of a Lord of the Manor, Nicholas de Cantelupe is in the church itself. Originally built in 1154 by an earlier Lord of the Manor, Robert de Muskham it is now mainly of the Victorian era being extensively restored between 1853 and 1855 by T L Walker. Just over half a century later, Percy Currey, the designer of St John's on Nottingham Road, was also responsible for the extension to the nave at St Mary's that involved dismantling the tower in 1910 and rebuilding it brick by brick forty-five feet to the east and closer to the Market Place. Back in the 1700s the tower had been surmounted by a spire until struck by lightning in 1714 and if it had one now its Grade II* listed status would probably be even higher.

So that concludes the second set of images of the places of worship in Ilkeston and in case you were still wondering I make the total number nineteen .... unless of course you know of any I've missed.
Click here to see the first set of ten in the northern half of the town.

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